grew up the eighth of 11 children in a large, poor mining family in West Virginia, and she used elements of country and bluegrass to spread truth about two causes close to her heart: the plight of non-unionized mineworkers and feminism, born not of the '60s movement but traditional values. Born June 1, 1935, in Mercer County, West Virginia,
learned about music from her father, an occasional banjo player and Baptist minister who drove trucks for a mining company to make a living. She was influenced by country traditionalists such as
. When she was 19, her family's dire poverty forced
to move to Baltimore, where she worked in factories with her sister and two brothers.
The four displaced siblings often attended old-timey festivals and gatherings, watching others and performing themselves. At one of these festivals, Dickens
met Mike Seeger
(younger brother of folk legend Pete Seeger
), and the two formed a band with her brothers. Over the ensuing decade, Dickens
became active in the folk/bluegrass movement around the Baltimore/Washington, D.C., area, playing bass and singing with several bands, including the Greenbriar Boys
, who toured with Joan Baez
in the '60s.
Around this time she met Mike Seeger
's wife, Alice Gerrard
, a classically trained singer also interested in old-timey music. At the nearby Library of Congress, the two began researching early feminist songs and then incorporated them into their own repertoire. The duo performed throughout the country -- particularly the South -- and recorded two albums for Folkways, Who's That Knocking (And Other Bluegrass Country Music) (1965) and Won't You Come & Sing for Me
The two separated in 1973 -- two later albums were compiled from previous recordings -- and Dickens
began her solo career with a flourish. She recorded four songs for the soundtrack to the Academy Award-winning documentary about coal mining, Harlan County, USA
. Three years later, she contributed to the soundtrack for With Babies and Banners
and began a solo career five years later. Her three solo albums for Rounder, Hard Hitting Songs for the Hard Hit
(1981), By the Sweat of My Brow
(1983), and It's Hard to Tell the Singer from the Song
(1987), include old-timey country alongside protest songs and songs in a more contemporary country style. Rounder's A Few Old Memories
distills the best of the three albums onto one disc. A recipient of a National Heritage Award from the National Endowment for the Arts in 2008, Hazel Dickens
was widely recognized as a pioneer in bluegrass music and women's music overall. She died at the age of 75 due to complications from pneumonia in Washington, D.C. on April 22, 2011.