Pledging oath to the Queen. Is it Constitutional?
Ontario's highest court has ruled that the Canadian citizenship
oath to the Queen does violate free speech, but it's reasonable and
justifiable in a free and democratic society.
An Ontario Superior Court justice ruled the oath is
constitutional, despite complaints by three permanent residents
arguing in favour of pledging allegiance to Canada, rather than the
The complainants say the oath violates their religious or
conscientious beliefs, and their lawyers say they are considering an